5

Intelligence

CHAPTER

Learning Outcomes

Define consciousness.

Describe the nature of sleep and different sleep

disorders.

Learning Results

Clarify various uses of hypnotherapy, forms of

medicine , and biofeedback techniques in altering

consciousness.

Explain the concepts of substance abuse; identify

categories of prescription drugs and how they alter

consciousness.

What is Intelligence?

Consciousness

 Sensory

Consciousness

 Picky Attention – focus a person's

consciousness on particular

stimulus

 Direct Inner Awareness –

knowledge of one's thoughts,

feelings and memories

 Sense of Self

 Waking State

Consciousness

The understanding of the feelings,

thoughts, and feelings becoming

experienced for a given moment

Awareness of themselves and

world around all of us

is our subjective understanding

of the two environment around

us and our exclusive internal globe,

unobservable to outsiders.

two Broad Claims:

 Waking up consciousness (normal

state of consciousness)

 Altered claims of intelligence

Ryan McVay/Getty Images

Preconscious, Unconscious,

Nonconscious

Preconscious

 Certainly not currently in awareness, but readily

obtainable

Unconscious

 Unavailable to awareness beneath most

circumstances

Nonconscious

 Bodily procedures that can not be

skilled through sensory awareness

Modified States of

Consciousness

 Any

qualitative change in

awareness from the

normal waking condition

 Sleeping and thinking

 Medication Use, Relaxation,

Biofeedback and

Hypnosis

Sleep and Dreams

Biological and Circadian Tempos

 Circadian

rhythm is a cycle that may be

connected with the 24-hour period

of Globe's rotation

 Cycle of wakefulness and sleep

The Stages of Sleep

Using ELEKTROENZEPHALOGRAPHIE records, sleeping stages happen to be recorded simply by

different brain waves (measurement of power activity in the brain; just how sleep requires place)

Nonrapid eye activity (NREM) sleeping

 1st four periods of sleeping

 Level 1 can be lightest; Level 4 is deepest

Rapid-eye-movement (REM) sleeping

Stages of Sleep

Level 1

-- The stage of move

between wakefulness

and sleep that is

characterized by

relatively speedy, lowvoltage brain waves

 Slow down coming from alpha

dunes to theta waves

 Hypnagogic express may

always be experienced –

experience of brief and vivid

dreamlike photos

Stages of Sleep

Stage 2

– Characterized by a slower,

more regular say pattern

and momentary

interruptions of dramatically

pointed spiky waves called

sleep spindles bec. Of

their construction

– Raising difficulty to

awaken

Levels of Rest

Stage several

Brain surf become reduced with

an appearance better peaks

and lower miles in the wave

pattern

Delta waves – 1 – 3 cycles

Stage 4

Deepest level of rest where

individuals are least attentive to

outside stimuli and the trend

patterns are definitely more slower and

regular

Delta waves – 0. your five to two cycles

The Stages of Sleep

REM sleeping

 Quick eye motions

 Paradoxical sleep -- because every one of the brain-wave symptoms are so like the waking express, even though you are clearly sleeping 

Hard to awaken a person, when awakened in

REM sleep, 80% record dreams

REM Sleep: The Paradox of

Sleep

Rest that uses up a

tiny over twenty percent of an

adult's sleeping time

and is seen as

Speedy eye

activity

Increased and

irregular heart rate

Increase in bloodstream

pressure

Embrace

breathing charge

Erections in males

Backwards and forwards

movement of eyes

Generally

accompanied by

dreams

Person's person is

typically

" paralyzed”

Standard Night of Sleeping

Tend to experience 5 periods through the periods of sleep

First time in stage 4 sleep is generally the greatest

Sleep turns into lighter while the night dons on

REM sleep turns into longer because night dons on

 Last REM period can be about half an hour

Sleep Periods

Functions of Sleep

...

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